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挖掘机物件日常保养注意事项

日期:2020-09-02   来源:
一、液压
1、 Hydraulic
1、按规定保养周期更换液压油、回油滤芯、先导滤芯,并注意滤芯上有没有吸附铁屑、铜屑。使用破碎器时,液压油劣化变质加速,更换周期应缩短。
1. Replace the hydraulic oil, return oil filter element and pilot filter element according to the specified maintenance cycle, and pay attention to whether there are iron and copper chips adsorbed on the filter element. When the oil is deteriorated, the oil should be replaced quickly.
2、不可长期缺油工作。
2. Do not work for a long time without oil.
3、更换液压油或液压部件后,注意排出空气。
3. After replacing hydraulic oil or hydraulic components, pay attention to exhaust air.
二、电气
2、 Electrical
1、注意防水,不要涉深水作业,做清洁时不要用水直接冲洗电器件。
1. Pay attention to water-proof, do not involve in deep water operation, do not wash electrical appliances directly with water when cleaning.
2、不要在电瓶箱内堆放杂物,尤其是金属工具等,易引发火灾。
2. Do not stack sundries in the battery box, especially metal tools, which may cause fire.
3、不要用铁丝铜丝代替保险,也不要用不合规格的保险替换。
3. Do not replace the insurance with iron wire, copper wire, or substandard insurance.
4、挖掘机长期停放时要拆卸电瓶线防止馈电。
4. When the excavator is parked for a long time, the battery line should be removed to prevent feeding.
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三、机械
3、 Machinery
1、回转减速器,行走减速器按周期更换齿轮油。
1. The gear oil of rotary reducer and traveling reducer shall be changed periodically.
2、销轴部分注意清理泥土杂物,加注黄油。
2. Pay attention to clean up the soil and sundries in the pin shaft part and add grease.
3、涉水作业,水漫过回转齿圈时,注意更换回转齿圈内黄油。
3. When wading operation, when water overflows the rotary gear ring, pay attention to replace the grease in the rotary gear ring.
4、注意油缸杆防锈。
4. Pay attention to the rust prevention of oil cylinder rod.
5、挖掘机长期停放时将裸露金属部分涂抹黄油防锈。
5. When the excavator is parked for a long time, the exposed metal parts shall be coated with grease to prevent rust.
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四、结构
4、 Structure
1、每天检查销轴螺栓有无松动、脱落、缺失,并及时紧固。
1. Check whether the pin shaft bolts are loose, fall off and missing every day, and fasten them in time.
2、每天检查结构有无开裂、变形。
2. Check the structure for cracks and deformation every day.
3、停放挖掘机时注意周围环境,停放在坚实平稳硬质地面,不要停在河边,悬崖边,山坡下,防止意外出险。
3. When parking excavators, pay attention to the surrounding environment, park on solid and stable hard ground, do not park on the river, cliff edge, hillside, to prevent accidents.
4、停放时铲斗油缸完全收回,铲斗落地,防止油缸被撞。
4. When parking, the bucket cylinder is fully retracted and the bucket falls to the ground to prevent the cylinder from being hit.
五、发动机
5、 Engine
1、机油、机油滤芯绝对要用正厂件,按规定保养周期更换。旧机更需细心呵护,机油机滤更换时间可酌情缩短,以使发动机寿命更长。
1. The engine oil and oil filter element must be replaced according to the specified maintenance cycle. The old engine needs more careful care. The replacement time of engine oil filter can be shortened as appropriate, so as to make the engine life longer.
2、柴油尽量使用正规加油站提供的,即使正规加油站加的柴油,也不要直接加入油箱,加入前先过滤(比较常用的办法是在加油口套袜子)。每天开工前在柴油箱底部及油水分离器处放水。柴油滤芯买正厂件,按规定保养周期更换柴油滤芯。(澄清一点,正厂滤芯滤纸细密,杂质拦截量大,因此较易堵塞,比副厂滤芯更换周期短,所以不是长期不堵的滤芯是好滤芯)
2. Diesel oil should be provided by regular gas stations as much as possible. Even if the diesel oil is added by regular gas stations, do not add it into the fuel tank directly. Filter the diesel before adding it (the common method is to put socks on the filler). Drain water at the bottom of diesel tank and oil-water separator before starting work every day. The diesel filter element shall be purchased and replaced according to the specified maintenance cycle. (to be clear, the filter paper of the main factory filter element is fine and dense, and the amount of impurities intercepted is large, so it is easy to plug. The replacement cycle of filter element in the auxiliary plant is shorter than that of the filter element in the auxiliary plant, so the filter element that is not blocked for a long time is a good filter element.)
3、空气滤芯经常检查,外滤芯灰多时用压缩空气从内向外吹,气压不可过大防止把滤芯吹破。内滤不可清洗。外滤清洗2、3次后与内滤同时更换新的。
3. The air filter element shall be inspected frequently. When the outer filter element is dusty, use compressed air to blow from the inside to the outside. The air pressure shall not be too high to prevent the filter element from being blown out. The inner filter cannot be cleaned. After cleaning the outer filter for 2 or 3 times, replace the inner filter with a new one.
4、不可为了节油而长期使用怠速工作,防止积碳。
4. Do not use idle speed to save fuel for a long time to prevent carbon deposition.
相信看了本文的加mg娱乐4355路线租赁先容后,对这方面也会有自己的一番认识,以后针对的等问题也能很好的解决。
Believe to read this article's extended arm excavator rental After the introduction, we will have our own understanding of this aspect and solve the problems in the future.
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